1: Creed 2: Manners  3: Character 4: Act of Worship 5: Deeds

1:Purification-Make Pure

 2:The Manners of Relieving

 3:WuduAblution 

4:The Adhan & Iqama 

5:GhuslFull Bath

 6:TayammumDry Ablution 

7:Masahpass wet hand over feet 

8:Menstruation Postnatal Bleeding

9:SalatNamaz-Salat

10:Funeral Regulation

11:Zakat-Charity 

12:Siyam-Fasting 

13:Hajj & Umrah 

14:Visiting the Prophet’s Mosque

15:Udhiya-Qurbani

Visiting the Prophetic Masjid

Visiting the prophetic Masjid and Giving Greetings of Peace to the prophet ﷺin his Noble grave

The Virtue of Al-Madinah:

Madinah is the sacred city (i.e. Haram) of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ, the abode of his migration (hijrah), the place in which his revelation descended and the Messenger of Allah ﷺmade it a sacred sanctuary just as Ibrahim made Makkah the Venerable sacred.

The Prophet ﷺ said:
«اللَّهُمَّ إِنَّ إِبْرَاهِيمَ حَرَّمَ مَكَّةَ، وَإِنِّي أُحَرِّمُ مَا بَيْنَ لاَبَتَيْهَا- حَرَّتَيْهَا»
O Allah! Verily, Ibrahim made Makkah a sanctuary and I am making what is between its (Al-Madinah’s) two (Harrah) mountains a sanctuary.(Muslim)

He (the Prophet ﷺ) said:
الْمَدِينَةُ حَرَامٌ مَا بَيْنَ عَائِرٍ إِلَى كَذَا فَمَنْ أَحْدَثَ حَدَثًا ، أَوْ آوَى مُحْدِثًا فَعَلَيْهِ لَعْنَةُ اللهِ وَالْمَلاَئِكَةِ وَالنَّاسِ أَجْمَعِينَ، لاَ يُقْبَلُ مِنْهُ عَدْلٌ ، وَلاَ صَرْفٌ، وَلاَ عَدْلٌ، لا يختلى خلاها ولا ينفر صيدها ولا تلتقط لقطتها إلا لمن أشاد بها، ولا يصلح لرجل أن يحمل فيها السلاح لقتال، ولا يصلح أن يطقع منها شجرة إلا أن يعلف رجل بعيره
Madinah is a sanctuary from what is between (Mount) ‘A’ir to (Mount) Thawr. So whoever innovates any heresy or sin in it or give shelter to an innovator (in it), then upon him is the curse of Allah, His angels and all of mankind. None of his compulsory or optional good deeds of worship will be accepted. Its grass should not be cut, its game animals should not be chased and its dropped items should not be picked upon except by one who will announce than publicly. It is not right for a man to carry a weapon in it for fighting and it is not right that a tree should be cut down in it, expect for a man who wants to give fodder to his camel (Muslim)

‘Adity bin Zayd, may Allah be pleased with him, said:

“The Messenger of Allah ﷺ made every area of Al-Madinah sacred, form one distance (of its side) to another. Its trees are not be cut down or uprooted except for what is to be used for driving the camel. (Abu Dawud)

The Messenger of Allah ﷺsaid:
إِنَّ الإِيمَانَ لَيَأْرِزُ إِلَى الْمَدِينَةِ كَمَا تَأْرِزُ الْحَيَّةُ إِلَى جُحْرِهَا، لَا يَصْبِرُ عَلَى لَأَوَائِهَا وَشِدَّتِهَا أَحَدٌ إِلَّا كُنْتُ لَهُ شَفِيعًا أَوْ شَهِيدًا يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ
Verily the faith (al-Iman) will return back to Al-Madinah just as the snaked returns back to its hole. No one is patient with its severe distress and hardships, except that I will be his intercessor or witness on the Day of Resurrection. (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

The Holy Prophet ﷺsaid:
«مَنِ اسْتَطَاعَ مِنْكُمْ أَنْ يَمُوتَ بِالْمَدِينَةِ ، فَلْيَفْعَلْ ، فَإِنِّي أَشْهَدُ لِمَنْ مَاتَ بِهَا»
Whoever among you is able to die in Al-Madinahk, then let him do so. For verily I will bear witness for whoever dies in it.(At-Tirmith, Ibn Majah)

The Holy Prophet ﷺsaid:
«الْمَدِينَةُ كَالْكِيرِ تَنْفِي خَبَثَهَا وَيَنْصَعُ طَيِّبُهَا»
Al-Madinah is like a furnace it expels out its Khabath (impurities, evil and bad person) and purifies its good (i.e. its good people). (Muslim)

The Holy Prophet ﷺsaid:
الْمَدِينَةُ خَيْرٌ لَهُمْ لَوْ كَانُوا يَعْلَمُونَ لاَ يَدَعُهَا أَحَدٌ رَغْبَةً عَنْهَا إِلاَّ أَبْدَلَ اللَّهُ فِيهَا مَنْ هُوَ خَيْرٌ مِنْهُ وَلاَ يَثْبُتُ أَحَدٌ عَلَى لأْوَائِهَا وَجَهْدِهَا إِلاَّ كُنْتُ لَهُ شَفِيعًا أَوْ شَهِيدًا يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ
Madinah will be better for them if they only knew. No one leaves it due to dislike of it, except that Allah puts someone else in it in his place who is better than him. And no one is steadfast with its severe hardships and difficulty, except that I will be an intercessor or witness for him on the Day of Resurrection. (Muslim)

The Virtue of the People of Al-Madinah:

The people of Madinah are the neighbors of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ and the builders and maintqainers of his Masjid. They are the residents of his land, the protectors in his sanctuary and the guardians of his sacred land. When they are upright and righteous, they are the most elevated of people in rank and the noblest in stratus. It is obligatory to respect them and hold them in high esteem. It is mandatory to love them and befriend them. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ against harming them.

The Holy Prophet ﷺsaid:
«لاَ يَكِيدُ أَهْلَ الْمَدِينَةِ أَحَدٌ إِلاَّ انْمَاعَ كَمَا يَنْمَاعُ الْمِلْحُ فِي الْمَاءِ»
No one plots against the people of Al-Madinah except that he will be dissolved (i.e. destroyed) just like salt is dissolved in waterl.(Al-Bukhari)
«لَا يُرِيدُ أَحَدٌأَهْلَ الْـمَدِينَةِ بِسُوءٍ إِلَّا أَذَابَهُ اللهُ كَمَا يَذُوبُ الْـمِلْحُ فِي الْـمَاءِ»
NO one intends to do any evil against the people of Al-madinah except that Allah will make him melt in the Fire, like lead, or like salt dissolves in water. (Muslim)

The prophet ﷺsupplicated for blessings for them in their provisions due to love for them and respect for them.

The Holy Prophet ﷺsaid:
«اللَّهُمَّ بَارِكْ لَهُمْ فِي مِكْيَالِهِمْ وَبَارِكْ لَهُمْ فِي صَاعِهِمْ وَمُدِّهِمْ»
O Allah! Bless them in their measurements (of produce) and bless them in their Sa’ and their Mudd. (Al-Bukhari)

He ﷺ advised his nation of followers in general to be good to them. He ﷺsaid:
اَلْـمَدِينَةُ مُهَاجِرِي، فِيهَا مَضْجِعِي، وَمِنْهَا مَبْعَثِي، حَقِيقٌ عَلَى أُمَّتِي حِفْظُ جِيرَانِي مَا لَمْ يَرْتَكِبُوا الْكَبَائِرَ، وَمَنْ حَفِظَهُمْ كُنْتُ لَهُ شَفِيعًا وَشَهِيدًا يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ
Madinah is my place of migration. In it is my bed and form it I send out (war parties). It is a right upon my nation of followers (Ummah) to protect my neighbors. (i.e. the people of Al-Madinah) as long as they do not indulge in the major sins. And whoever protect them, I will be an interceder or witness for him on the Day of Resurrection. (At-Tabarani in Al-Kabir)

The Virtue of the Noble Prophetic Masjid:

Al-Masjid an-Nabwiyy (The Prophetic Masjid ) is one of the three Masjids which the Noble Qur’an makes mention of, when Allah the Most High said:
سُبْحٰنَ الَّذِيْۤ اَسْرٰى بِعَبْدِهٖ لَيْلًا مِّنَ الْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامِ اِلَى الْمَسْجِدِ الْاَقْصَا الَّذِيْ بٰرَكْنَا حَوْلَهٗ
Glorified (above any imperfections) is He Who took His servant on a night journey form Al-Masjid Al-Haram to Al-Masjid Al-Aqsa, the neighborhood whereof we have blessed.(17:1)

For verily in the word Al-Aqsa is a clear allusion to the prophetic Masjid, as Al-Aqsa is a superlative adjective for Al-Qasee (that which is far or distant). Thus, whoever is at Makkah the Venerable, the Masjid that is distant form his is th4e Prophetic Masjid, and al-Masjid Al-Aqsa means Bayt Al-Masjids (Jerusalem) thus, he (Allah) mentioned the Prophetic Masjid in an implied wording that includes both Masjids (i.e. the one in Al-Madinah and Jerusalem),  as it (the Masjid in Al-Madinah) did not exist in the days that this noble verse was revealed, Rather, it came into existence (i.e. was built) later,

The Prophet ﷺ said:
صَلاَةٌ فِي مَسْجِدِي هَذَا أَفْضَلُ مِنْ أَلْفِ صَلَاةٍ فِيمَا سِوَاهُ إِلَّا الْـمَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامَ وَصَلَاةٌ فِي الْـمَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامَ أَفْضَلُ مِنْ مِائَةِ أَلْفِ صَلَاةٍ فِيمَا سِوَاهُ
A prayer (Salah) in this Masjid of mine is better than one thousand prayer in any other place, except for the Saccred Masjid (in Makkah). And a prayer in the Sacred Masjid is better than one hundred thousand prayer in any other place.

The Prophet ﷺ made it the second of the three Masjids saying that an intense joure7 for worship is not permitted to other than them.

The Holy Prophet ﷺsaid:
لَا تُشَدُّ الرِّحَالُ إِلَّا إِلَی ثَلَاثَةِ مَسَاجِدَ: الْمسْجِدِ الْحَرَامِ وَمَسْجِدِي هَذَا وَالْمَسْجِدِ الْأَقْصَی
An intense journey (for worship) is not taken except to three Masjids : the Sacred Masjid (of Makkah), my Masjid (in al-Madinah) and Al-Masjid Al-Aqsa (in Jeruslamem).

He specified this Masjid (in Al-Madinah) with features that the other Masjids do not have. It has a noble garden, about which the Messenger of Allah ﷺ said:
«مَا بَیْنَ بَیْتِیْ وَ مِنْبَرِی رَوْضَةٌ مِنْ رِیَاضِ الْجَنَّةِ »
بِسْمِ اللهِ، وَالصَّلَاةُ وَالسَّلَامُ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللهِ، اَللَّهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لِي ذُنُوبِي وَافْتَحْ لِي أَبْوَابَ رَحْمَتِكَ
That which is between my house and my Minbar (pulpit) is a

Garden form the gardens of Paradise. (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

The Holy Prophet ﷺsaid:
مَنْ صَلَّى فِي مَسْجِدِي هَذَا أَرْبَعِينَ صَلَاةً لَا تَفُوتُهُ صَلَاةٌ، كُتِبَتْ لَهُ بَرَاءَةٌ مِنَ النَّارِ، وَنَجَاةٌ مِنَ الْعَذَابِ وَبَرِيءٌ مِنَ النِّفَاقِ
Whoever prays forty prayers in this Masjid of mine without missing a prayer, he will have written from him an immunity from the (Hell) Fire, immunity form the torment and immunity form hypocrisy.

Therefore, visiting this Masjid for prayer is one of the means of drawing near (to Allah) that is a means for the Muslim to his Lord in fulfilling his needs and gaining success by His pleasure.

Visiting the Prophetic Masjid and sending Greetings of peace upon the Messenger ﷺ and his companions

Since visiting the Prophetic Masjid is an act of worship, it also needs a specific intentions just as the other acts of worship, as actions are (rewarded) based upon intentions. So the Muslim makes the intentions to visit the Prophetic Masjid in order to perform prayer (As-Salah) in it as a means of drawing nearer to Allah the Most High, and coming closer to Him with obedience and love. Thus, when one reaches the Masjid in a state of purity, he entered with his right foot first, just as is the Sunnah for entering all Masjids. He says:

Bismillaahi, was-salaatu was-salaamu ‘ala rasoolil-

Laahi.Allaahummagh-fir lee dhunoobee waf-tah lee abwaaba ramatika.

“With the Name of Allah, and may prayer of blessings and peace be upon the Messenger of Allah. O Allah! Forgive for me my sins and open for me the doors of Your Mercy.

Then he comes to the Noble Garden area (Ar-Rawdhat ush-Sharifah) if he finds an open space there, he prays, and if not, he comes in form any side of the Masjid and prays two Rak’ahs of prayer or however much Allah inspires him to pray. Then he heads towards the noble room (Al-Hujarat ush-Sharifah) and give the greetings of peace of peace to the Prophet ﷺ. He stand facing the direction of the Noble Room (Where the Prophet ﷺis buried ) and he sends the greeting of peace upon the Messenger ﷺby saying:
اَلسَّلَامُ عَلَيْكَ يَارَسُولَ اللهِ، اَلسَّلَامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا نَبِيَّ اللهِ، اَلسَّلَامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا خَيْرَةِ الْـخَلْقِ، السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ وَرَحْمَةُ اللهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ. أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ، قَدْ بَلَّغْتَ الرِّسَالَةَ، وَأَدَّيْتَ الْأَمَانَةَ، وَنَصَحْتَ الْأُمَّةَ، وَجَاهَدْتَ فِي اللهِ حَقَّ جِهَادِهِ، صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْكَ وَعَلَى آلِكَ وَأَزْوَاجِكَ وَذُرِّيَّاتِكَ، وَسَلِّمْ تَسْلِيمًا كَثِيرًا
“As-Salaamu ‘alaika yaa rasoolal-laah, as-salaamu ‘alaika ya nabiyyal-laah, as-salaamu ‘alaika ya kheerata khalqil-laah, as-salaamu ‘alaika ayyuhan-nabiyyu wa rahmatul-laahi wa barakatuh. Ash-hadu an la ilaha illal-laah, wa ash-hadu annaka ‘abdul-laahi wa rasooluh. Qad ballagh-tar-risaalah, wa addaytal-amaanah, wa nasah-tal-ummah, wa jaahad-ta fil-lahi haqqas jihaadith. Sallal-lahu ‘alaika wa ‘ala aalika wa azwaajika wa dhuriyyaatika, wa sallama tasleeman katheeran.”

“Peach be upon you O Messenger of Allah, peace be upon you O Prophet of Allah, peace by upon you O best of the creation of Allah, pace by upon you O prophet, and the mercy of Allah and His blessings. I bear witness has the right to be worshipped except Allah and I bear witness that you are the servant of Allah and His Messenger. You conveyed the Message, fulfilled the trust, advised the Muslim nati0on, and you made Jihad in the cause of Allah in the true way that Jihad should be made. May Allah send prayers of blessings and an abundance of May Allah send prayers of blessings and an abundance of peace upon you, your family, your wives and your progeny.”

Then he moves a little to the right and he sends greetings of peace to Abu Bakr As-Siddiq by saying:
اَلسَّلَامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا أَبَا بَكْرِ الصَّدِيقِ صَفِيَّ رَسُولِ اللهِ، وَصَاحِبُهُ فِي الْغَارِ، جَزَاكَ اللهُ عَنْ أُمَّةِ رَسُولِ اللهِ خَيْرًا
As-salaamu’alaika yaa Aba Bakris-Siddeeq, safiyya rasoolil-laah, wa sahibahu fil-ghr. Jazaadallaahu ‘an ummati rasoolil-laahi ﷺkhayran.

“Peace be upon you Abu Bakr As-Siddeeq, the best friend of the Messenger of Allah and his companion in the cave. May Allah reward you with good on behalf of the Ummah of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ.”

Then he moves a little to the right and sends greetings of peace to ‘Umar, may Allah be pleased with him, by saying:
اَلسَّلَامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا عُمَرَ الْفَارُوقِ وَرَحْمَةُ اللهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ، جَزَاكَ اللهُ عَنْ أُمَّةِ مُحَمَّدٍﷺ خَيْرًا
As-Salaamu ‘alaika yaa ‘Umraul-Farooqu wa rahmatul-laahi wa barakatuh.Jazaakallaahu ‘an unnati Muhammadin ﷺ khayran.

“Peace be upon you, O ‘Umar Al-Faruq, and the mercy of Allah and His blessings. May Allah reward you with good on behalf of the Ummah of Muhammad ﷺ.”

Then he goes away (from this area). If he wants to perform At-Tawassul (seek a means of intercessopm) to Allah by this visit, he should distance himself slighty from the front of the Noble Room (where the Prophet ﷺ is buried), face the Qiblah, and pray to Allah for whatever he wishes and ask Him for whatever he wants from His bounty.

In this manner the Muslim’s visit of the Noble Prophetic Masjid is complete. If one wishes, he may travel (leaves) and if  he wishes, he may stay (longer). However, it is better to stay in Al-Madinah in order to pray (As-Salah) in the Masjid of the Messenger ﷺ especially since it is encouraged to pray forty prayers in the Noble prophetic Masjid.

Visiting the virtuous Places of Madinah Munawwarah

The Muslim has been blessed if Allah honors him with visiting the Prophetic Masjid and standing at the grave of the Prophet ﷺ. Allah has honored him by allowing him to enter Tayyibah (the good city), may allah make its soil good. The Muslim should also go to Masjid Quba’ in order to pray in it, as the Prophet ﷺused to visit it and pray in it. Likewise, his companions used to do the same after him

The Holy Prophet ﷺsaid:
مَنْ تَطَهَّرَ فِي بَيْتِهِوَأَحْسَنَ الطُّهُورَ ثُمَّ أَتَى مَسْجِدَ قُبَاءٍ، لاَ يُرِيدُ إِلَّا الصَّلَاةَ فيهِ، كَانَ لَهُ كَأَجْرِ عُمْرَةٍ
Whoever purifies himself in this house, and perfects his purification (i.e. Wudhu’), then he comes to Masjid Quba’ only intending to pray in it, it will be like the reward of the performance of an ‘Umrah for him.(Ahmad An-Nasa’I)

The prophet ﷺused to come to Masjid Quba’ riding and walking, and he would pray tow Rak’ahs in it. (Muslim)

Likewise, he should visit the graves of the martyrs at Uhud, as the Prophet ﷺwould go out to visit them in their graves and he would send greetings of peace upon them (Abu Dawud)

By visiting of the maryrs of Uhud, one may also see the mountain of Uhud, the mountain about which the Messenger ﷺsaid:
«أُحُدٌ جَبَلٌ يُحِبُّنَا وَ نُحِبُّهُ»
Uhud is a mountain that loves us and we love it.(Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

The Holy Prophet ﷺsaid about it:
«أُحُدٌ جَبَلٌ مِنْ جِبَالِ الْـجَنَّةِ»
Uhud is a mountain form the mountains of Paradise.

Once Uhud shook (with a quake) under the Prophet’s feet while he was with Abu Bakr, ‘Umar and ‘Uthman. So the Prophet ﷺsaid to it:
«اُسْكُنْ أُحُدُ- وَضَرَبَهُ بِرِجْلِهِ- فَمَا عَلَيْكَ إِلَّا نَبِيٌّ وَصِدِّيقٌ وَشَهِيدَانِ»
Be still Uhud and he struck it with his foot – for there is nothing on you other than a Prophet, a truthful man (Siddiq) and tow martyrs. (Al-Bukhari)

One may also visit the graveyard of Al-Baqi’, As the prophet ﷺused to visit its people and send greetings of peace upon them, as is narrated in the Sahih. This is because it (Al-baqi’) contains thousands of the companions, the successors (followers of the companions) and other of the righteous servants of Allah. Thus, when one arrives, he gives greetings of peace to its occupants, sayings:
السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكُمْ أَهْلَ الدِّيَارِ مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَالْمُسْلِمِينَ، أَنْتُمْ سَابِقُونَ، وَإِنَّا إِنْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ بِكُمْ  لاَحِقُونَ، يرحم الله المستقدمين منا ومنكم والمستأخرين، نَسْأَلُ اللَّهَ لَنَا وَلَكُمُ الْعَافِيَةَ فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالْآخِرَةَ، اَللَّهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لَنَا وَلَهُمْ، وَارْحَمْنَا وَإِيَّاهُمْ، اَللَّهُمَّ لَا تَحْرِمْنَا أَجْرَهُمْ، وَلَا تَفْتِنَّا بَعْدَهُم

As-Salaamu ‘alaikum ahlad-diyari minal-mu’mineena wal-muslimeen.Antum saabioona, wa inna in sha’ Allahu bikum lahiqoon. Yarhamul-lahul-mustaqdimeena minna wa minkum wal-musta’khireen. Nas’alul-laaha lana wa lakumul-‘aafiyata fid-dunya wal-aakhirah. Allaahummaagh-fir lana wa lahum, war-hamna wa iyyahum. Allaahumma la tahrimna ajrahum wa la tafinna ba’dahum.

“Peace be upon you O people of the abodes, form the believers and the Muslims. All of you have gone and if Allah wills we will join you. May Allah have mercy upon those who came later. We ask Allah for safety for both you and us in this life and the Hereafter. O Allah! Forgive them and us and have means upon them and us. O Allah! Do not prevent us form their reward and not put us to trial after them.”