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Internal And Externalin Purification For Muslims In islam

1: Creed 2: Manners 3: Character 4: Act of Worship 5: Deeds

  1. Purification-Make Pure
  2. The Manners of Relieving
  3. Wudu–Ablution
  4. The Adhan Iqama
  5. Ghusl–Full Bath
  1. TayammumDry Ablution
  2. Masahpass wet hand over feet
  3. Menstruation Postnatal Bleeding
  4. Salat–Namaz-Salat
  5. Funeral Regulation

Purification – The Ruling of Purification

Its Status: Purification means-Muslims should purify themselves outwardly & inwardly which is obligatory according to both ways-The Holy Quran and The Holy Prophet’s Sunnah.

Allah the Almighty says:

  1. If you are sexually defiled, purify yourselves. (5:6)
  2. And purify your garments! (74:4)
  3. Truly, Allah loves those who turn unto Him in repentance and He loves those who purify themselves. (2:222)

The Messenger of Allah ﷺsaid:

« مِفْتَاحُ الصَّلَاةُ الطَّهُورُ »

Purity is the key to the prayer.

« لَا تُقْبَلُ صَلَاةٌ بِغَيْرِ طُهُورٍ »

Namaz-Salat is not accepted without purification.(Muslim)

« اَلطَّهُورُ شَطْرُ الْإِيمَانُ »

Purification is half of faith. (Muslim)


There are two types of purification: internal and external

Internal purification: internal purification is to purify the soul from the effects of sins and acts of disobedience though repenting sincerely from all sins and acts of disobedience. Purification of the heart from the filth of polytheism, doubt, envy, resentment, rancor, treachery, haughtiness, boasting, and showing off is done through sincerity, certitude, love of good, kindness, truthfulness, and modesty, and intending to do every righteous deed seeking the Face of Allah.

External Purification: There are two types of external purification:

1: Taharat-ul-khabath{Purification by removing of filth} is by using pure water for the removal of filth for the worshiper’s garment, body, and from the place of prayer.

2: Taharat-ul-Hadath {the removal of these substances}is performing Wudu-ablution, Ghusl-bathing or Tayammum-wiping of the face and the hands to the elbows with pure earth.

What Purifies

OR Which Things Purify The Body in Islam

Purification is attained by two things:

1: Pure water means that retains its original description, such as it is not mixed with anything which would negate that description to be something pure or not. This includes the water from wells, springs, valleys rivers, melted ice, and ocean water.

Allah the Almighty says: And We send down pure water from the sky.(25:48)

The ruling of One Who Refuses to pay Zakah:

فَاِنْ تَابُوْا وَ اَقَامُوا الصَّلٰوةَ وَ اٰتَوُا الزَّكٰوةَ فَاِخْوَانُكُمْ فِي الدِّيْنِ

So if they repent, establish the prayer and give Zakah then they are your brethren in religion. (9:11)

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said:

اَلْـمَاءُ طَهُورٌ إِلَّا أَنْ تَغَيَّرَ رِيحُهُ أَوْ طَعْمُهُ أَوْ لَوْنُهُ بِنَجَاسَةٍ تَحْدُثُ فِيهِ

Water is purifying except in case its smell, taste, and color changed due to any filthy matter being introduced into it. (Al-Bayhaqi)

Although it is weak there is an authentic source for it. Most of the scholars of the Islam Ummah act according to it.

2: Pure earth, i.e the pure surface of the earth, whether dust, sand, stone or salty earth deposits.

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said:

جُعِلَتْ لِيَ الْأَرْضُ مَسْجِدًا وَطُهُورًا

The earth has been made for me as a place of prayer and a purifier. (Ahmad)

Earth can be used as a purifier in the event of the lack of water, or the inability to use it because of illness.

Allah the Almighty says: And if you find no water, perform Tayammum with clean earth.(4:43)

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said:

إِنَّ الصَّعِيدَ الطَّيِّبَ طَهُورُ الْـمُسْلِمِ وَإِنْ لَمْ يَجِدِ المْـَاءَ عَشْرَ سِنِينَ، فَإِذَا وَجَدَ الْـمَاءُ فَلْيُمَسَّهُ بَشَرَتَهُ

Pure earth is fit for purification for the Muslim, even if he does not find water for even ten years. If he finds it (water) let him touch his skin with it. (At-Tirmithi)

Once ‘Amr bin Al-‘Aas  May Allah be pleased with him, performed Tayammum to remove the state of sexual impurity on a frigid night, out of fear for himself if he were to wash with the cold water. This was approved of by Allah’s Messenger ﷺ. (Al-Bukhari)

The Explanation of Najasah-Filth

Filth refers to stool, urine, prostatic fluid, a discharge form the urethra and sperm. It also includes the urine, dung, and excrement{waste matter discharged from the body} of any animals whose meat is not allowed for consumption. The same for larger amounts of running blood, putrid pus or vomit. This also includes the various types of carcasses of permissible dead animals, with the exception of the hide after tanning. Tanning purifies according to the saying of Allah’s Messenger ﷺ.

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said:

« أَيُّمَا إِهَابُ دُبِغَ فَقَدْ طَهُرَ »

Whichever tanning is dyed, then it is pure. (Muslim)

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